After Basho,Buson & Issa

Yoko Sugawa (the president of "Fuyoh")

Modern haiku began with the haiku revolution instigated by MASAOKA Shiki at the turn of the century. Taking artistic and literary ideals from the West, Shiki revived the art of haiku which had atrophied under the shackles of feudalism since the Edo period. He did this through "shasei" or haiku sketching.


           cockscomb flowers               鶏頭の
           fourteen, no maybe fifteen      十四五本も
           blooming over there             ありぬべし
                              Shiki  - 子規

This school subsequently split into the "fixed form" school (Takahama Kyoshi) and the "New Trend" school (Kawahigashi Hekigotoh). The former school distanced itself from the movement of the times and continued to expound fixed-form haiku on natural themes, while the latter school chased free expression through a meterless form. Out of the "fixed form" school sprang a movement that, unsatisfied with mere objective sketching through haiku, sought subjectivity. This school is epitomized by MIZUHARA Shuoshi. From this line came KATOH Shuson's school (Kanrai) and from it SUGAWA Yoko's "Fuyoh". Fuyoh's philosophy is "to search for truths of human existence in nature". Human truths and Natural truths are intertwined, each existing only through the existence of the other. By writing on themes found in the natural world, the author's thoughts and insights are expressed through symbolism. Each haiku poet must strive to discover these truths as they relate to themselves and to the world in general.


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